Ami-Fidèle Veterinary Clinic | Saint-Jean sur Richelieu |

As a pet owner it is important to take care of your pet’s reproductive health.

Cesarean section


Whether you are a breeder or have an accidental litter, you might be faced with the need for a Cesarean section (C-section). There are many reasons that female pets require a C-section, ranging from a narrow birth canal to an awkward positioning of its babies. In some cases, a C-section can save the mother and litter's lives. Our skilled surgeons are proud to offer our patients scheduled and emergency Cesarean section services.

Reason for a Cesarean section:

  • Fetal distress
  • Irregularity of a particular breed, namely size or shape of newborn
  • Litter consists of a single offspring
  • Litter is in awkward position and cesarean section might be necessary to save litter
  • Mother is having difficulty with natural birthing, and C-section becomes necessary
  • Mother's pelvic shape or size
  • Mothers that have previously had litters via cesarean will likely have future litters similarly

What does a Cesarean section involve?

A Cesarean section is usually straightforward. In cases where the lives of the mother and her offspring are in danger, emphasis is placed on extracting the newborns hastily. In all cases, great precision and care are taken to ensure the safety and health of all patients. Initially, the mother's abdomen is cleaned and shaved to reveal the surgical site. The mother then receives an injection of local anesthesia around the proposed incision site to numb the area and lessen the total amount of general anesthesia necessary for the surgery. An IV sedative is then introduced to allow the mother to completely relax. For their safety, we only implement mild sedative medications to protect the lives of the mother and her offspring. The midline incision is then made, exposing the uterus. Each newborn is gently extracted from the uterus and placed in neonatal care where breathing is stimulated, the amniotic sac is removed, fluid is taken out of their lungs, and their umbilical cords are tied. The mother's incision is then sutured closed.

The mother and her litter remain under neonatal care for the next few days. Because the mother did not undergo the natural whelping process, she is more likely to reject her newborns and must be introduced to the process of nurturing her offspring. With the help of our trained staff, the mother will be guided in nurturing her litter and will be taught typical mothering techniques. After she begins to take motherly initiatives, the mother and newborns can be released to their owner.

If you have any questions about Cesarean section surgeries or would like to schedule a surgery, please contact our office.

Whelping and queening

Whelping and queening

Giving birth can be an overwhelming process for pets, especially if complications arise. The process of giving birth for canines (whelping) and felines (queening) is instinctual, but some pet owners prefer to have a veterinarian assist with the birthing process, especially for breeds that are known to have troubles. At our office, we offer whelping and queening services along with neonatal care for pet owners and breeders. If you are interested in any of these services, please contact our office.

Reasons for assistance with whelping or queening a litter include:

Certain breeds (e.g. Boston Terriers, Bulldogs, and Persian Cats) tend to have difficulties delivering their offspring, and a Cesarean section might be necessary. Having a veterinarian present and prepared makes the transition from a live birth to surgical extraction of the newborns easy and risk-free.

If newborns are premature, a veterinarian can nurture them to adequate health and help prevent loss of multiple newborns.

Occasionally a litter has one or multiple still borns (non-living babies). These can hinder the birth of live offspring. A veterinarian is properly trained to handle a stillborn so birthing the rest of the litter isn't disrupted.

Mammary glands can become infected or blocked. As a result, the offspring cannot feed. Under close veterinary care this issue can promptly be addressed before it results in infant death.

Why would I need a veterinarian for the delivery process?

Prior to birthing, care for a pregnant pet involves a special diet, exercise, booster vaccinations, and parasite control. During the birthing and nursing processes, complications can arise especially for a new breeder or a pet owner facing an accidental breeding who might not be versed on the process of delivery. The following complications indicate the need for a veterinarian present during the delivery process:

  1. Contractions lasting longer than one hour
  2. A mother who has not started delivering puppies after an hour and a half from the onset of labor
  3. A mother who has vaginal discharge and pus oozing after delivery and has not passed placenta
  4. mother who is resting for periods longer than four hours between newborns
If your pregnant pet is experiencing complications, please contact our office immediately.