Ami-Fidèle Veterinary Clinic | Saint-Jean sur Richelieu |
General medicine deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in animals.
In an added effort to provide your pet with quality care, we offer pet dental services in our veterinary office. It is estimated that 80% of pets exhibit the beginning stages of periodontal disease by age 3, which is why dental exams and teeth cleanings are essential. Also, studies indicate that pets with good oral hygiene tend to live 2 to 4 years longer than pets who neglect dental care. While periodontal disease is entirely preventable, when left untreated it can lead to heart disease, kidney infection, liver infection, or stroke.
Reasons for regular dental check-ups:
- Avoid tooth loss due to periodontal disease.
- Help your pet avert unnecessary pain.
- Help your pet maintain healthy and functional teeth.
- Improve foul breath Prevent potential damage to the brain, heart, liver, lungs, and kidneys.
What does a pet dental exam involve?
Pets can experience many of the same dental issues that humans do, including gingivitis, periodontal disease, necessary tooth extraction, and deep scaling. Regular dental exams and cleanings can help you avoid the added cost of dental procedures and can help prevent your pet from unnecessary suffering.
Pet dental exams are similar to human dental exams and involve teeth cleaning and buffing. Additional services offered include sedation dentistry and dental X-rays. If more serious conditions are discovered, root canals, tooth extraction, etc. might be required.
During your pet's teeth cleaning, a dental technician will gently clean the surface of the teeth with an ultrasonic scale that cleans using the vibration of sound waves and water. The waves push the water creating tiny scrubbing bubbles that implode on tooth surfaces and kill microbes as they separate plaque from the tooth structure. After scaling the teeth, the technician lightly buffs and polishes your pet's teeth to complete their dental cleaning.
After the cleaning, we will provide you with a comprehensive analysis of your pet's oral health. You will receive at-home oral hygiene tips specific to your pet, and if any serious dental conditions exist, you will be notified prior to any treatment planning.
Some simple home hygiene tips are:
- Brushing your pet's teeth as little as one time a week can cut down on 50-60% of tartar build-up.
- Dental products specifically designed for pets, including Oravet and CET, can help protect gums and reduce tartar.
- Dry pet food is better for teeth than canned food; it causes abrasion to tooth surfaces when chewed, helping remove tartar build-up. Other treats such as raw-hide can also help remove built-up plaque.
- There are many pet toys that support dental health. Buying your pets these toys not only entertains them, but offers a dual purpose in helping clean teeth.
Remember, creating a smooth clean tooth surface makes it more difficult for tartar and plaque to build up!
If you would like to schedule a professional dental cleaning for your pet, call our office to schedule an appointment, and allow your pet to experience a healthy smile!
Most pet owners are unaware that scratching, licking, biting, and chewing are tell-tale signs of an underlying skin problem. While there are over 150 different skin diseases that can affect pets, managing skin problems is possible.
Skin disease or irritation can cause distress. To relieve that suffering, we offer dermatological testing and treatment for animals that can help your pet live comfortably. In trying to diagnose and treat skin disorders, your role as a pet owner is essential. Discovering what causes flare-ups and irritation will primarily be your job. Pay attention to your pet's reaction after eating, playing outside, and interacting with other animals. During your appointment, our veterinarian will discuss your observations to determine a series of laboratory tests that will help diagnose or treat your pet's skin issues.
Common dermatological issues for pets:
- Auto-immune disorders
- Chronic ear disease
- Disease of the foot
- Ear infections
- Flea allergy dermatitis
- Hair loss
- Hormone disorders
- Parasitic, bacterial, or fungal infections
- Skin allergies caused by contact, environment, or food
- Skin cancer
What does treatment involve?
Our veterinarian will work with you and your pet to determine a treatment plan that is manageable. Trying to find the best method of therapy is an ongoing process that may take several attempts in order to discover an effective treatment.
To help with diagnosis, we may perform the following tests to supplement our initial prognosis of your pet's condition:
Biopsies - A biopsy is often performed to diagnose various skin cancers and autoimmune skin disorders. A biopsy is executed by removing the affected skin, processing it, and examining the sample under a microscope. By enlarging the area, the veterinarian can usually determine the underlying issue.
Intradermal Allergy Testing - The intention of performing intradermal allergy testing is to discover exactly which allergens your pet reacts to. To perform the test, a patch of hair is shaved, and a grid is drawn on the skin. Common pet allergens are injected into separate squares on the grid. The dermatologist then examines the grid after a waiting period of 20 minutes. All swollen, red injection-sites indicate a positive allergen.
Skin Cultures - If your pet exhibits a skin disorder that is resistant to all previously tested forms of treatment, a skin culture is typically used to test numerous treatments at one time. This will help determine a successful treatment to heal the affected skin without continually unsettling your pet.
Video Otoscopy - Video otoscopy is used to diagnose and treat chronic ear infections and diseases. A magnified camera is inserted deep into the ear canal to identify any abnormalities, tumors, or foreign bodies that might exist. If immediate treatment is needed, tools can be attached to the otoscope to flush waxy build-up, perform surgery, or remove foreign objects.
If you have any questions about pet dermatology or think your pet might have a skin condition, contact our general veterinary hospital today.
Our ophthalmology treatments focus on eye care and ocular disease prevention. Our annual pet vision exams evaluate current eye health, measuring tear production, eye pressure, and potential corneal scratches. If more serious animal eye issues are detected, such as glaucoma, cataracts, early vision loss, or dry eye problems, they will be addressed and treatment will be planned. During treatment planning, all options and recommendations will be thoroughly discussed so we can build an effective and comfortable vision procedure for you and your pet.
Indications of pet eye problems:
- Abnormal growth near or on the eye
- Behavioral changes, namely a sense of depression
- Bumping into objects or seemingly lost in a familiar setting
- Discoloration of the iris or pupil
- Hazy film over pupil
- Increase in discharge from eyes
- Pawing and rubbing eyes
- Red, swollen eyes
- Sensitivity to light or squinting
Preventing and improving pet vision problems
The following tests are performed at our routine pet vision exams. Each vision test is cautious of pet comfort and does not cause pain. If serious problems are detected, treatment options, including surgery, will be discussed.
Fluorescein Stain - By inserting drops of a florescent green stain on the eye, the veterinarian will be able to detect secretion from any sores. The bright green stain rests in scratches and on wounds so the veterinarian can easily detect them.
Intraocular Pressure Test - The veterinarian will use an instrument that reads eye pressure and rest it gently on the surface of the eye.
Schirmer Tear Test - The veterinarian will place a small strip of test paper beneath your pet's eyelid with the intention of irritating the surface of the eye. This irritation will cause the eye to water, allowing the vet to test the amount of tears produced per minute.
How does pet vision differ from human vision?
Pet vision is vastly different from human eyesight with the primary distinctions being visual acuity and color spectrum. Pets have fewer cones in their retina, limiting the amount of colors they can see. Because of this, pets can only distinguish between yellow, white, blue, violet, and black. Your pet also has a much wider field of vision than humans do, but their acuity is limited to a range of about 20 feet. The final difference is pets have an additional structure in their eye called a tapetum. This tapetum enables pets to have more accurate night vision by gathering light and increasing what is able to be seen.
If you have any questions about veterinary ophthalmology or would like to arrange for a routine pet eye exam, please contact us today for an appointment.
In an effort to provide your pet with superior medical care, we offer diagnostic imaging services to supplement diagnosis. Medical imaging employs the use of machinery to give photographic representation of abnormalities or injuries. In performing diagnostic imaging, our veterinarians can provide safe, accurate diagnosis and promptly treat the problem. Reasons for diagnostic imaging
- Assess facial swelling and dental problems
- Detect possible bladder stones
- Determine the location of broken bones or bone fractures
- Evaluate the status of a pet's pregnancy
- Help identify if a pet has heart disease
- Locate foreign bodies that a pet might have swallowed
Losing a pet is a delicate situation, and we understand the difficulty in having to make that final decision. Our dedicated veterinarians are skilled in assessing pain management and do not recommend euthanasia casually. We also make certain that the process of putting your pet to sleep is carried out in a humane manner.
When being euthanized, pet owners are welcome to be in the room as their pet passes, and if they prefer, a pet can be sedated prior to administering euthanasia. The final injection is a chemical that mimics an overdose of anesthesia, allowing your pet to fall into an eternal sleep. As it enters the bloodstream, the chemical targets the brain and heart, first preventing nerves from sensing pain, then gradually stopping the heart from beating.
While the decision to euthanize a pet is heart-wrenching, it is important for a pet owner to consider the pet's suffering before their own. In circumstances where putting your pet to sleep offers them relief from physical anguish, ending misery can be the best decision you can make for your pet.
Common reasons for euthanasia:
- Behavioral problems, namely aggression, which cannot be corrected.
- Illness that would cause suffering if the pet were kept alive.
- Inability to afford involved medical procedures.
- Organ damage that cannot be repaired.
- Euthanizing pets in shelters when homes cannot be found.
- Terminal illness such as cancer.
After putting your pet to sleep, you can decide to take your pet home with you, have your pet cremated, buried from a pet funeral home, or you can opt to leave your pet with the veterinarian. Because saying goodbye is difficult, we recommend having after death plans arranged prior to your visit for euthanasia. No matter what you decide to do, don't feel pressured to choose one option or another; choose the option that is best for you. Some pet owners feel that an urn with their pet's remains helps the grieving process. Others think leaving the pet with the vet is easier for them emotionally. Because your pet has peacefully passed, it is now your decision to do what is best for you.
The mourning process is different for every pet owner. Some only take a couple days for mourning while others take months. It is completely normal to mourn the loss of your pet, and you should never feel obligated to put a time limit on what is the 'right' amount of time.
If you have any questions about the process of putting a pet to sleep, or want to schedule an appointment to see if it would be beneficial for your pet's condition, contact our kind veterinary clinic at your convenience.